It is believed that Maltese is the oldest of the European Toy Group. Originally called the “Canis Melitaeus” in Latin, it has also been known as the “ancient dog of Malta,” the “Roman Ladies’ Dog,” the “Maltese Lion Dog.” Maltese shows gentle, royal behavior, therefore, this is a favorite pet of aristocracy.

Weight: 6½-9 pounds   Height: 8-10 inches.   Life expectancy: 12-15 years


It is very clever, cheerful and playful dog, which is very focused on communication with the person. They love being in the limelight, which makes them perfect for the show ring. This breed is a very loving and devoted companion, it literally captivates you at first sight.


The Maltese are affectionate, trusting and very obedient. They love to cuddle and they get strongly attached to their owner, so it is advised not to leave them alone for long period of time. Despite his body size, he is always ready to defend his master and may even bite if feels threatened. This is fearless, energetic and very agile breed, fully devoted to its master and the rest of the family.

Coat / Care:

The coat is long, straight and silky, and lacks an undercoat. The color of the coat is pure white (snow-white). Maltese shed very little if at all. This beautiful and delicate coat requires daily brushing and combing to ensure that it is not tangled. You can bathe your dog or brush his hair using dry shampoo. Do not forget to regularly check on the ears and cleanse them from dirt and excess hair. This breed can exhibit respiratory problems, skin issues and eye inflammation, a disease known as ’tear staining’ (dark staining in the hair around the eyes). Maltese dogs do not bear too hot or humid climate. These dogs are very picky when it comes to food and they have sensitive stomach. To avoid tooth problems, such as cavities, these dogs might need additional care.


Maltese, like other small dog breeds, is hardly accustomed to cleanliness in the room, so, at first, it is recommended to keep it in a special box. Early socialization is the key for good behavior of this animals. In general, obedience is deeply rooted in their genes, so you do not have to spend a lot of time teaching them this wisdom. Anyway, education should not be too harsh or strict, it should be based on tenderness, consistency, patience and reward.


Maltese does not require extensive nor intensive training, therefore, dogs of this breed are convenient for keeping in a city apartment or condominium. They enjoy daily walks, playing games indoors or in a small, well-fenced yard. This breed are very social animals and they love children, still, always keep them on a secure leash, as kids can sometimes be rough.

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