Finnish Spitz Dog Breed Information - AllAboutDogs.Net

Finnish Spitz



Finnish Spitz were developed from selectively bred Spitz-type dogs that inhabited Russia thousand years ago. The Finnish Spitz has been bred for centuries as the ‘barking hunting dog’. Hence, this is a ‘bark pointer’, which means that it barks to attract the hunter’s attention. Finish Spitz were usually used to hunt small game (such as squirrels and large birds), but they were also used to hunt moose, even bear. The Finnish Spitz is the national dog of Finland.

Height: 18-20 inches  Weight: 20 to 35 pounds  Lifespan: 12-15 years


The Finnish Spitz is an active dog of medium size and square shape. The most distinctive features of this breed are its beautiful red-gold coat and charming foxy expression of the muzzle. To complete the picture, add a fluffy tail and little erect ears. Males have a strong, masculine appearance, and they are usually larger in size than females. Also, they are dressed in a much luxurious fur coat. On the other hand, bitches are characterized by considerably more delicate and feminine appearance. These are good-natured and cheerful dogs, which perfectly communicate with children. But, like all big breeds, Finish Spitz should not be left unsupervised with young children. Even today, these dogs are loud barkers. Therefore, potential owners of this breed need to understand that this may cause some problems with the neighbors. For this particular reason, the Finnish Spitz should be taught that barking is simply unacceptable. Additionally, socialization should be conducted at puppyhood. Even though they are barkers, Finish Spitz are seldom aggressive. But, since this breed has a keen ear, it will warn the family about any unusual sounds or strange situations. The Finnish Spitz is not only a great hunter dog, but also a wonderful home companion.


Restless, friendly, loyal and brave, the Finnish Spitz is very patient with children and tolerant towards other pet within the family. This dog breed has highly developed hunting instinct, which means that it will most definitely try to chase small domestic animals. This breed is not suitable for every family.

Coat / Care:

This breed is covered with a double coat. While the undercoat is short, soft and quite dense, the outer layer us long, straight and harsh. Finnish Spitz are born dark grey, black, brown or fawn. Adult Spitz are usually golden-red. They are exceptionally clean and neat dogs, so they are rather easy to care. Dogs of this breed need to be cleaned weekly, especially during the shedding season. But, make sure to bathe your pet only when necessary. The Finnish Spitz does not require any additional grooming, but it is necessary to regularly cut the dog’s claws, to monitor the cleanliness of the ears and to monitor oral hygiene. Finnish Spitz have a tendency to obesity, which can lead to certain health problems. Furthermore, this breed can be prone to epilepsy, patellar luxation and canine hip dysplasia. If timely immunized, the Finish Spitz can live active and long life. Average lifespan is 13-15 years.


This is an extremely intelligent dog that shows a strong and independent character. Make sure to avoid too harsh methodology, since these dogs are irresponsive to such approach. As a matter of fact, education should be conducted on the basis of affection and tenderness. Moreover, the most effective approach is positive reinforcement, such as food reward and play. The Finnish Spitz easily get bored, and so the lessons have to be not only short, but also interesting.


Upon reaching puberty, this dog breed turns into a real athlete. However, the Finish Spitz grows rather slow, and he reaches full emotional and physical maturity only to four years. Therefore, it is not necessary to engage this breed in active physical training until it is at least a year old. The Finnish Spitz needs three walks a day plus games in the yard. He especially likes to play with other dogs.

Photo credit: Janne Heinonen/Flickr

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