How to Take Care of a Dog? Basically, the care of the dog is not only important for hygiene but also beneficial for the relationship between humans and animals. Your dog can be easily examined by you on eyes, ears fur and teeth without growling or even biting you.
Here is the motto: early exercises! Get your dog into regular care as early as puppy age.
According to estimates, there are approximately 600 – 750 different breeds of dogs worldwide. Of course, the same level of care is not required for every dog. Before you decide on a breed, you should be aware of the required care.
Of course, the coat plays a big role in terms of care. For example, some small dog breeds have very long fur that can even drag over the ground and thus easily get dirty. Here, of course, a lot of effort is required. In the following text you can read how to properly care for a dog:
Care of the Coat – combing, busts & washing
Your dog should be brushed regularly. Depending on the condition of the coat (length & care intensity) this should be done at regular intervals to prevent tangles. Shorthaired dogs need to be brushed rarely. Long-haired dogs, especially when the risk of entanglement is bigger, should be brushed daily, especially in the time of coat change in spring & autumn, regular brushing is required to rid of the “old” hair.
Extremely long-haired dogs should be shaved during the hot summer months or trimmed, if possible. The trimming of the hair gives the dog no pain – if it is performed professionally. Also, many dogs are thankful for the “short haircut”.
After the cut, it is recommended to bathe the dog, so loose hair can be removed. How often a dog should be washed is to be considered individually. The dog should only be bathed if it smells bad or is very dirty.
Use a mild dog shampoo. When bathing, if possible, no water should enter the eyes and ears of the animal. If drying of the coat is necessary, switch the hair dryer to the lowest temperature.
Care of the claws & paws – be careful when claw cutting
For most dogs, the claws are rarely cut. The abrasion of the daily movement usually keeps dogs’ claws naturally short. If this is not the case, we recommend expert’s assistance. Laypeople can find it hard to estimate how short claws can be cut and in the worst case, the dog can get injured.
Check regularly that there is nothing between the paws. If there is, clean the paws with water or carefully trim the glued coat with scissors.
Clean the paws with water in the cold season after every walk.
Care of the ears – Gentle cleaning when necessary
This hygiene measure is extremely unpopular for dogs, as most dogs are very sensitive to the ears. Check your dog’s ears about once a week for cleanliness and possible mite infestation, as they are a popular place for parasites. If they are not visibly dirty, no need for cleaning.
Dogs with lop-eared ears are more caring, as there is no ventilation of the ears and therefore bacteria and fungi can settle quickly. If necessary, clean the ears with a soft cloth or pad and it is not recommended to use cotton swabs. Also, it is recommended to remove excessive hair in the ears. Many dog owners pluck the hair because it does not grow back so fast.
Care of Teeth & Teeth – Indications for tartar
Check the dog’s teeth weekly by gently pushing the lips upwards. Daily teeth cleaning is not necessary for dogs. Dry food should promote the abrasion of dental plaque and thus contribute to the dental health of your dog.
A foul-smelling breath can be a sign of tartar. Also, yellow-brown deposits on the teeth are an indication of this. If the dog is suffering from anorexia, it can cause serious dental problems, so contact the vet as soon as possible.