Developed in 1846 in Leonberg, Germany, this versatile breed of dog has become popular with a lot European royal families. During the First World War, Leonbergers were on the verge of extinction, but were fortunately restored by the dog breeders from Germany. It is believed that the Leonberger is the oldest German breed. Today, this breed is still a working breed. However, it is getting more popular as a family pet in many countries. However, outside Germany, these dogs are still relatively rare.

Height: 25-31 inches  Weight: 120-170 pounds  Lifespan: 8-10 years


The Leonberger is an elegant, large and powerful dog. With their lion-like looks and deep bark, Leonbergers make intimidating watchdogs. They look impressively striking, but at the same time, royal. The Leonberger is strong, athletic and reliable. Comparable Breed: Newfoundland, Great Pyrenees.


Sometimes, representatives of this breed are called ‘gentle giants’. The Leonberger is truly affectionate, loyal and very confident. This calm and even-tempered breed are excellent with children, dogs and other pets. The Leonberger hates being alone, he needs love and attention. If you neglect your pet, he will bark endlessly and will become aggressive and frustrated.

Coat / Care:

The Leonberger has a double coat. The long, luxurious and straight coat is located beneath the thick and dense undercoat. While the dog’s chest and the neck are decorated with a rich collar, the front legs are adorned with thick and long curls. Shedding is continuous, especially intense once a year. Therefore, taking care of a Leonberger is a rather difficult task. Firstly, he needs daily combing in order to remove the excess hair. Moreover, the Leonberger requires special care during the shedding season. Bathe your dog only in case of urgent need. It is important to constantly monitor the cleanliness of the dog’s ears and to maintain oral hygiene. The lifespan of Leonbergers is about 9 years.

Health Problems:

The most common health concerns are: hip dysplasia, osteoarthritis, Addison’s disease, volvulus century, ectropion, osteosarcoma, bloating and hypothyroidism. Leonbergers may be sensitive to certain medicines, such as sulfonamides, tranquilizers and anesthetics.


The Leonberger requires early socialization and course of general training. Education is not too demanding, since this is a very intelligent dog, always willing to please his master. Make sure to avoid rough or despotic methods. Indeed, training must be based on respect, fairness, firmness, patience and consistency.


Leonbergers are not suited for living in urban apartments. Dogs of this breed require intense exercise and mental work on everyday basis. Also, Leonbergers need constant communication with humans. Generally, this breed will participate in all family activities. The Leonberger loves hiking with his owner, and he enjoys swimming. This dog is very successful in agility competitions.


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