American Eskimo Dog Breed Information - All About Dogs

American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog



The American Eskimo Dog is a member of the Spitz family and is presented in three different categories: Toy, Miniature and Standard Spitz. Although modern American Eskimos have been exported as German Spitz Gross, the breeds have diverged and the standards are significantly different. They have gained the greatest popularity during the 1930s and 1940s as a circus performer. The American Eskimo was officially recognized by the American Kannel Club in 1994.

Height: 15-19 inches  Weight: 20-40 pounds  Lifespan: 12-15 years


The American Eskimo dog (often called Eskie) has a compact and yet strong physique. Related to the Scandinavian type, it is extremely agile and active dog. American Eskimos are highly inquisitive and intelligent, leaving behind many other breeds. The American Eskimo Dog is a well-balanced, hardy dog that belongs to the category of long-livers. Dogs of this breed are universal, they have outstanding performance skills and make excellent companions. Comparable Breed: Alaskan Malamute, Samoyed.


Because this breed was bred to guard people and property, American Eskimos are extremely territorial which makes them valiant watchdogs. The Eskie is really a wonderful companion. It is a very sweet and playful dog that gets along with children and loves to be the center of attention. They are quite vocal, barking whenever it seems that this is necessary. Do not leave your pet alone for a long time, as they are very sensitive and tend to be stressed.

Coat / Care:

American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog is dressed in a gorgeous coat, consisting of two layers. Long hair that protects the body grows through the dense undercoat. The outer layer is formed by a perfectly straight hair, without the slightest sign of waves or curls. The neck has even more rich and fluffy fur. The American Eskimo Dog has superbly decorated back, front and hind legs. The color is snow white or white with a creamy or light, brown markings.

American Eskimo Dogs shed twice a year, which is considered to be of medium intensity. Weekly cleaning with a firm brush is required, as it prevents tangling. During the seasonal shedding, cleaning should be done daily. Since its skin is more dry and subtle than most other breeds of dogs, bathe your dog only in case of urgent need.

Health Problems:

The American Eskimo Dog is generally healthy dog breed, but like all breeds, they can be prone to Hip Dysplasia, Cataracts, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease and Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA). The American Eskimo Dog has a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.

Weight / Height

The Toy American Eskimo dog breed’s height is around 9 – 12 inches and weighs around 6 and 10 pounds. The Miniature American Eskimo dog breed’s height is around 12 – 15 inches and weighs around 10 and 20 pounds. The Standard American Eskimo dog breed’s height is around 15 – 19 inches and weighs around 25 and 35 pounds.


The American Eskimo is easy to train, especially because this dog tends to earn praise from its master. They stand out in all competitions for obedience. In order to prevent possible aggression of the dog, it is important to conduct early socialization. Education should be based on firmness, fairness, consistency and respect. Eskies have a special talent in regard to safety, performing tricks, obedience competition and agility. The American Eskimo is a champion in drug detection.


The American Eskimo is a very active breed that requires daily exercise. American Eskimo Dogs get pleasure from walking with the owner on a leash or free games in the courtyard. The American Eskimo Dog is fairly active indoors and, in general, it has to be busy. It just loves to take part in the active family activities and games. Dogs of this breed are well suited for living in the apartment, provided that you dedicate them enough of your time.

American Eskimo Dog

Photo Credit: annalynnc/Flickr; ccho/Flickr; Mitch/Flickr

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