Australian Shepherd Dog Breed Information - All About Dogs

Australian Shepherd

Australian Shepherd



Despite its name, this breed was not developed in Australia. Quite the opposite, the Australian Shepherd originated in the Western United States, and he was highly valued by stockmen for their versatile abilities. Hence, Australian Shepherds were used on Australian farms and ranches as Shepherd dogs and watchdogs. That’s why this breed was nicknamed “Aussie” or Ozzy. The Australian Shepherd was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1991.

Height: 18-23 inches  Weight: 35-70 pounds  Lifespan: 12-15 years


A distinctive feature of the Australian Shepherd is his naturally bobbed tail. Aussies come in an incredible number of colors and shades, including blue, amber, hazelnut and all shades of brown. Tan dots or white markings on the face, chest, and legs are common. The Australian Shepherd is an athletic breed of medium size and solid build. Comparable Breeds: The Australian Cattle Dog and Border Collie.


The Australian Shepherd is an intelligent, loyal dog. This breed of dog is highly energetic, and so it feels good only when it has a job to do. By nature, Aussies are very responsible, and they always do what they are instructed. It must be remembered that this is a herding dog, with a very high prey drive. This breed is very cold and wary of strangers. Moreover, the Aussie is always ready to protect you. Dogs of this breed are extremely important friendship with the man. Aussies always find a common language with older children, who know how to handle a dog. In addition, Australian Shepherds do not show aggression toward other dogs.

Coat / Care:

The Australian Shepherd has a truly beautiful coat of medium length, which can be straight or wavy. It’s water-resistant property is what protects the dog from adverse weather conditions. The undercoat changes completely twice a year. There are four standard color options, including black, marbled blue, red and marbled red. The dog’s face, chest, front and rear legs can be decorated with white and brown markings. Australian Shepherds need minimum maintenance. Hence, it is enough to occasionally clean the dog with a stiff brush. More care is required only during the shedding season. This breed should be bathed only when it is really necessary.

Health Problems

Unfortunately, Australian Shepherds are susceptible to quite a significant number of diseases. This breed is susceptible to certain health problems, including deafness, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), hypothyroidism, distichiasis, detached retina and cancer. Also, there is a tendency to epilepsy, canine hip dysplasia and cataracts. The Australian Shepherd has a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.

Weight / Height

The male Australian Shepherd dog breed’s height is around 20 – 23 inches and weighs around 55 and 70 pounds. Female Australian Shepherd dogs can reach a size from 18 – 21 inches and weighs between 35 and 55 pounds.


The Australian Shepherd learns with ease. However, early socialization and obedience training are mandatory. It is very important that the coach imposes the ground rules, or this breed will try to occupy a dominant position otherwise. Moreover, Australian Shepherds require tough, consistent, and yet fair management. This is a very intelligent breed of dog, which quickly grasps new information.


The Australian Shepherd needs day-to-day exercise. Long walks are not enough for this breed’s proper development. In fact, Aussies should take part in active family games. Representatives of this dog breed tend to show their best side when they have a job to do. Hence, Australian Shepherds are not suitable for apartment living. Besides, this breed requires an active owner and a large, well-enclosed yard.

Photo credit: Ted Van Pelt/Flickr

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