Canaan Dog Breed Information and Pictures - All About Dogs

Canaan Dog

Canaan Dog



The Canaan Dog is an ancient breed, which was bred in the Middle East thousands of years ago. Ancient Israelites used this breed to graze livestock and to protect their homes. Canaan Dogs were used intensely during the Second World War, but afterward, they served as guards, watchdogs, accompanied by street patrols. Even today, the Canaan Dog continues to honor these responsibilities. Once a rare breed, this beautiful dog now firmly confirmed its position in Israel, Western Europe, England and the United States. The Canaan Dog was officially recognized by the American Kannel Club in 1997.

Height: 19-24 inches  Weight: 35-55 pounds  Lifespan: 12-15 years


The Canaan Dog is a well-balanced, strong animal of medium size. Canaan Dogs are extremely elegant and flexible, they have good stamina and they are very powerfully looking. These are agile, muscular and excellent working dogs. The sense of smell and hearing allow them to recognize any risk over long distances. Comparable Breed: The Akita and Norwegian Buhund.


It is believed that the Canaan Dog is one of the natural dog breeds. He is very intelligent and deeply devoted to his master. Indeed, dogs of this breed are very attached to family members and those whom they considered as such. But, at the same time, they are very suspicious of strangers. Canaan Dogs make excellent guards, the only drawback is the excessive barking. For this reason, they should not be left alone for long periods of time.

This breed does well with older children, and it often takes part in their games. However, it is not recommended to keep the Canaan Dog in the family with dogs of the same sex, cats or other small pets. Since this dog has a very strong shepherd instinct, they will try to implement it in relation to everything and everyone that moves near their reach. The Canaan Dog is not recommended for the inexperienced owner, apathetic, or sedentary person.

Coat / Care:

The Canaan Dog is covered with a double layer coat. The outer layer is relatively thick, straight, short and close-fitting to the body. The undercoat is soft to the touch and very dense. This breed comes in solid white with a darker coat or solid color black red, brown and all shades of brown. White markings them. Shedding is seasonal and very intense. Maintenance is quite simple. It is enough just once a week to clean it with a special brush. But, it is clear that during the shedding season cleaning should be much more thorough and careful. When necessary, you can bathe your dog or clean it using a dry shampoo.

Health Problems:

The Canaan Dog is generally healthy dog breed, but like all breeds, they’re prone to Patella Luxation, Eye Problems, Elbow Dysplasia and Hypothyroidism. The Canaan Dog has a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.

Weight / Height

The male Canaan Dog dog breed’s height is around 20 – 24 inches and weighs around 45 and 55 pounds. Female Canaan Dog dogs can reach a size from 19 – 23 inches and weighs between 35 and 45 pounds.


It is important to remember that the Canaan Dog was originally a natural breed. Therefore, he is maturing late. Besides, the Canaan has an independent nature and is quite stubborn. So, this breed needs an experienced owner and a good coach. It is of great necessity to hold early socialization and the general course of obedience. Make sure not to apply too rough or oppressive methods of education, but it is really necessary from a very early age to show “who’s the boss”. Education should be based on firmness, respect, fairness, patience and consistency. Please note that this dog can quickly get bored if you repeat the same lessons over and over again.


The Canaan Dog requires a significant amount of intense exercise and mental stimulation. This breed stands out while performing any type of work. The Canaan enjoys grazing and loves to participate in all family activities. These dogs are perfect companions for jogging or hiking. It is best to keep these them in the house with a large fenced yard, where they can run freely and explore the environment. Nonetheless, Canaan Dogs can bear living in a city apartment, provided that they exercise on everyday basis.

Photo credit: Cliff Cooper/Flickr

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