It is believed that the Dalmatian obtained his name during his stay in Dalmatia (Croatia), a province on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea. Their endurance, size and versatile talents were appreciated by the English aristocracy. During the World Wars, dogs of this breed were used to protect the camps of American soldiers. Today, Dalmatians are often being used as service dogs at the fire station. The Dalmatian was officially recognized by the AKC in 1888.
Height: 19-24 inches Weight: 45-70 pounds Lifespan: 11-13 years
The Dalmatian is a dog of medium size, extremely vivid and energetic. He is bold and unique in his behavior. Dalmatians are considered to be clowns in the dog world. It’s a pretty versatile breed used to hunt small animals and rodents. Besides, this dog is an excellent circus performer and a wonderful friend. Comparable Breed: Brittany and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
The Dalmatian is naturally very attached to his owner, and he is need of constant attention. This is a very sensitive breed, so if you leave the Dalmatian alone for long, he gets either depressed or quite damaging to the environment. Dalmatians are not recommended for families with small children. They coexist quite peacefully with other pets whom they grew up with but may take an aggressive attitude toward unfamiliar dogs. In general, Dalmatians are very distrustful of strangers, which makes them excellent watchdogs. They will bark only if it is really a necessity.
Coat / Care
The coat is hard, smooth, short and dense. The color is snow-white with spots, which can be either black or brown. Puppies are born covered with a pure white coat, and the spots appear as they get older. Shedding is constant, vastly increasing during the active season.
In order to keep the coat neat, Dalmatians need regular brushing with a firm brush, and special care when they shed. In order not to disturb protective properties of the hair, bathe your Dalmatian only when it is absolutely necessary, using a mild shampoo. Dogs of this breed are very sensitive to adverse weather, humidity, and ticks.
The Dalmatian most common health concerns are Deafness, Urolithiasis, Skin and Food Allergies, and Hip Dysplasia. The Dalmatian has a life expectancy of 10 to 11 years. Their lifespan is much shorter than average for giant breeds.
Weight / Height
The Dalmatians dog breed’s height is around 19 – 24 inches and weighs around 45 and 70 pounds. Female Dalmatian dogs can reach a size from 19 – 23 inches and weighs between 45 and 70 pounds. Male Dalmatians are generally larger than females.
The Dalmatian breed requires extensive and intensive socialization, as well as basic obedience course. Without adequate training at young age, the Dalmatian may become overly timid or extremely nervous. Do not use coarse or heavy-handed training methods. The Dalmatian responds to firmness, fairness, consistency, reward, and patience. Dalmatians are tough competitions in obedience and agility trials.
Dalmatians need frequent and demanding training. They are very active and willing to participate in all family activities and games. Dogs of this breed are generally very attached to their entire family. The Dalmatian is a very hardy dog which makes him a perfect companion for jogging, biking, even hiking. A yard of medium or large size is the best solution for this dog`s mental and physical growth. If you live in a city apartment, make sure to provide enough exercise for your pet.
Photo Credit: Leo Hidalgo/Flickr; Pulkit Sinha/Flickr